We have prepared a Japanese teas list for you to choose from the best quality green teas on the world. Japan is a tea country, no doubt. It is a country that contributes the best quality green teas that we can enjoy.
They have regions that are especially appropriate for growing teas. Moisture from fog and rich soil enable to grow the best green tea on the world. The high altitude of the mountains prevents insects to harm the tea crops.
Japan produces different types of green tea which differ in taste, aroma and color. You can choose the type of green tea that suits your needs. You will get to know four types of Japanese green tea that are popular these days to drink.
Sencha is a Japanese green tea, which is one of the most popular and recognizable green teas. It has a very strong aroma with a concise taste with a dominant note. It is particularly suitable for those who enjoy the aroma of the more powerful green teas.
Sencha has the higher amount of caffeine since it is harvested in spring. It also contains a lot of antioxidants. It is appropriate to drink it in the morning.
Dispense a half of teaspoon of Sencha green tea. Boil 2 dcl of water and cool it down to 70° C. Then pour it over the tea leaves. Wait for 2 minutes and strain. You can use the same leaves two to three times.
Macrobiotics introduced Kukicha tea to the West 40 years ago. It contains ten times less caffeine than quality Sencha and is a perfect complement to a vegetarian diet. How Japanese decrease the caffeine amount in tea?
Japanese decrease caffeine amount by selecting only older twigs, which are harvested in autumn and winter. At that time the caffeine levels are low because the tea trees rest. They parboil the twigs, dry and keep them in the paper bags for two to three years. This way the tea develops the best flavor.
Then they cut and roast the twigs, so they obtain a characteristic sweet flavor reminiscent of hazelnuts. You can drink it at any time; it suits children and the elderly, who doesn’t tolerate so much caffeine. Cook Kukicha tea for ten minutes on a very low heat and then drink slowly.
Gyokuro tea is also on our Japanese teas list. It is the Japanese green tea with high quality. They call it pearl dew. Japanese produce very little gyokuro tea compared to Sencha. It takes up only a percentage of the total production of tea in Japan.
They shade the tea bushes with bamboo sheets during the sprouting buds, so that the young leaves develop in the shade. The gentlest young buds are harvested for this type of green tea which are twisted by hands. Young buds contain high amount of chlorophyll and amino acid L-theanine.
Gyokuro tea is distinctly green, cloudy, full-flavor tea, with full aroma that is much less bitter than other Japanese teas. Japanese drink Gyokuro green tea on special occasions. They show attention and respect to their guests by serving this tea.
Matcha is a special type of Japanese green tea. The Japanese drink it on special occasions, where it is prepared on the traditional way.
It is not the form of tea which we are used to; instead of tea leaves you use grounded tea leaves or green tea powder for making Matcha tea.
Matcha contains a lot of vitamin C and five times more caffeine than coffee. We consume whole leaves from tea tree and not just extract from tea leaves, thus we consume the much larger amount of antioxidants.
Matcha has a specific nutty flavor with a slightly bitter note. The darker and richer is the shade of green, the stronger aroma it has. It is very popular these days.
Japanese Teas List – Tea is Important Part of Japanese Culture
Japan and China are the oldest nations in the world who are engaged in the tea production. Tea is still an important part of Japanese popular culture with more than 1200 years long history. They have an old Japanese ritual, which tradition stayed the same since the 16th century, and is carried from generation to generation.
This tea ceremony is not reserved only for the high circles; all classes have it as a part of their daily lives. Tea in Japan has a very large impact on their culture.
It has an impact on religion, philosophy, poetry, architecture, flower arranging, painting, as well as crafts such as art carving, carpentry and pottery.
Their relationship to tea and drinking tradition is deeply rooted. Japan is known for its fantastic and rich cultural heritage. If you visit Japan these days, you will quickly notice that the tea has become very modern.
They have standing machines with soft drinks all across the country, where you can buy hot or cold real tea beside other usual unsweetened drinks.
You will also get fresh prepared suitable tea in every restaurant with your meal. Japanese never lack tea at their homes because they drink it at any time. Japan has a huge offer of green tea and every person can find his best.
You can simply choose Sencha tea or Kukicha. If you want to enjoy green tea in its purest form, choose Gyokuro or natural Matcha tea. Japan is undoubtedly country of green tea, so get to know her well also from this side.
Japanese Tea Growing Regions
Japan is the most northern and coldest region for the tea production. Although it is technically possible to cultivate tea in the whole area of Japan, it is economically questionable. The border of tea production goes via the island of Honshu and the area Niigata. This border is on 38 degrees latitude and is the most northern point for growing tea.
Best regions for the tea production in Japan are those regions that are hundred meters away from the sea or mountainous areas near rivers. The fog occurs at the course of rivers and this gives perfect conditions for growing tea (temperature and humidity).
The most famous tea growing area in Japan is Shizuoka region with Kawan and Shimizu production zones. This region gives extremely delicious varieties of tea thanks to the consistently warm and humid climate.
Shimoyama region is one of the most important regions for the production of biological tea in central Japan. It lies close to other well-known Japanese region Nishio, which is famous for the production of Matcha tea.
Shimoyama means “Fog Mountains”. This region is located about 500 m above the sea level and is much cooler than arable areas in the flat part of Japan. It gives the natural protection against pests and other insects that are below this threshold.
Nishio is one of the oldest agricultural regions in the world. People of Nishio are producing tea for over 850 years and specialized mainly for the production of Matcha tea. More than 50% of the Japanese tea is produced here.
Areas of Saga, Fukuoka and Kagoshima are the best areas of tea production on the island of Kyushu. Fukuoka is famous for warm and pleasant climate and the volcanic soil that is rich in nutrients. The first tea in Japan was produced here.
Here we have an important place Kirishima, which literally translates as “hazy island”. The fog in the southern part of Japan surrounds volcanic mountains so much that you can only see the tops of the mountains, which look like islands in the misty sea. This is where its name comes from. Another famous growing region in Japan is Kyoto.
I hope I gave you enough information from our Japanese teas list so you can choose the right Japanese green tea for yourself.